SKOKIE

 

I. HISTORICAL CONTEXT

 

A. 1960's CONSERVATIVE BACKLASH

 

1. RACE, YOUTH AND CULTURE

 

B. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF 1968

 

1. GEORGE WALLACE

 

2. RICHARD NIXON

 

B. ECONOMIC PROBLEMS AND RESENTMENT

 

1. INFLATION

 

2. 1973 OIL EMBARGO

 

3. DEINDUSTRIALIZATION

 

4. STAGFLATION

 

C. WATERGATE

 

1. REVELATIONS OF GOVERNMENT ABUSES OF CIVIL LIBERTIES

 

D. RACE PRIDE AND ETHNIC CONSCIOUSNESS

 

1. BLACK POWER

 

2. JEWS AND HOLOCAUST REMEMBRANCE

 

3. NEO-NAZIS AND WHITE POWER

 

E. IRONY OF BLACK-JEWISH ALLIANCE

 

1. CONFLICTS OVER MIDDLE-EAST AND AFFIRMATIVE ACTION

 

 

 

 

 

 


II. THE ANTAGONISTS

 

A. NATIONALIST SOCIALIST PARTY OF AMERICA

 

1. FRANK COLLIN

 

 

B. SKOKIE

 

1. SOL GOLDSTEIN

 

2. HARVEY SCHWARTZ

 

C. ACLU

 

1. DAVID GOLDBERGER

 

 

III. LEGAL PRECEDENTS

 

A. PROTECTING FREE SPEECH

 

1. DISSENTS IN ABRAMS v. U.S. (1919) AND WHITNEY V. CALIFORNIA                              (1927)

 

B. GROUP LIBEL CONCEPT

 

1. BEAUHARNAIS v. ILLINOIS (1952)

 

2. NEW YORK TIMES v. SULLIVAN (1964)

 

3. BRANDENBURG v. OHIO (1969)

 

C. Fighting Words

 

1. CHAPLINSKY v. NEW HAMPSHIRE (1942)

 

D. PRIOR RESTRAINT

 

1. NEW YORK TIMES v. SULLIVAN (1971)

 

E. Symbolic Speech

 

1. TINKER v. DES MOINES (1969)

 


2. COHEN v. CALIFORNIA  (1971)

 

IV. THE SKOKIE CASES

 

A. SKOKIE v. NSPA

 

1. ORIGINAL INJUNCTION CASE BROUGHT BY VILLAGE

 

B. COLLIN v. SMITH

 

1. NEO-NAZI CHALLENGE TO SKOKIE ORDINANCES

 

C. GOLDSTEIN v. COLLIN

 

1. THE MENTICIDE ISSUE

 

V. OUTCOMES

 

A. COLLIN v. SMITH (February 23, 1978)

 

1. JUDGE BERNARD DECKER UPHOLDS FREE SPEECH

 

B. NEO-NAZIS ABANDON SKOKIE MARCH FOR CHICAGO

 

 1. COUNTER-DEMONSTRATORS PREVAIL

 

VI. CONTINUING DEBATE

 

A. CRITICAL RACE THEORY

 

B. HATE SPEECH CODES

 

C. SEXUAL HARASSMENT RULES