SCOTTSBORO

 

I.          Alleged Crime (March 25, 1931)

A.     The Accused: Olin Montgomery, Clarence Norris, Haywood Patterson, Ozzie Powell, Willie Roberson, Charles Weems, Eugene Williams, Andy Wright, Roy Wright

B.     The Accusers: Victoria Price and Ruby Bates

 

II.         The Context

A.     Great Depression

B.     White Supremacy

1.      Lynching and Rape

C.     The NAACP and the Black Freedom Struggle

D.     The Communist Party and the International Labor Defense

 

III.       First Trial (Judge Hawkins)

A.                 The “Non Dream Team”: Milo Moody and Stephen Roddy

 

IV.       The Battle Over the Defense: NAACP vs, the Communists

 

V         Powell  v. Alabama (1932) and New Trial

 

VI.       Trial #2 (Judge Horton), 1933

 

A.     Samuel Leibowitz vs. Thomas Knight, Jr.

B.     Victoria Price vs. Ruby Bates

C.     Judge Horton’s Reversal

 

VII.      Trial #3 (Judge Callahan), 1933

A.                 Testimony of Orville Gilley

B.                 Absence of Ruby Bates

 

VIII.     Norris v. Alabama (1935)

 

IX.       Trial #4 (Judge Callahan), 1936

 

A.     Mixed Verdicts

B.     Attempts at Compromise

C.     Scottsboro Defense Committee and the Popular Front

 

X.        Slow Justice (1938-1950)