Mid-Term Examination - Famous Trials - Steven Lawson
 
1. Identification (50% 40 minutes)
 
Clear and Present Danger Test
1st Amendment
Mollie Steimer
Zecharish Chafee
Schenck Case
Espionage Act
Sedition Act
ACLU
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
 
Sacco and Vanzetti
A. Mitchell Palmer
Luigi Galleani
Carlo Tresca
Frederick Katzmann
Webster Thayer
Fred Moore
 
 
Ruby Bates
International Labor Defense
James Horton
Victoria Price
Thomas Knight
Samuel Leibowitz
Norris v. Alabama
Powell v. Alabama
Ransdell report
 
 
William Jennings Bryan
Clarence Darrow
Charles Darwin
Fundamentalism
H.L. Mencken
John T. Scopes
The Butler Act
George W. Hunter
 
Charles H. Houston
Lonnie Smith
Grovey v. Townsend
NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Lawrence A. Nixon
United States v. Classic
Repeat Players
One Stoppers


 
2. Essay (50%, 40 minutes)) From the four questions below you will be asked to write on 
one. 
 
A. In both the Sacco and Vanzetti and Scottsboro cases, the contexts in which the cases
occurred can be said to have had more to do with the outcome than the specific legal
issues involved. Compare the way the context shaped these court cases.
 
B. The Bill of Rights has not afforded the same protection in times of war and hysteria 
as in peace.  Using the World War I "Abrams case" discuss how politicians, the public,
and the courts weighed majoritarian concerns and individual freedoms on the scale of
justice.
 
C. The history leading up to Smith v. Allwright demonstrates that a legal victory is 
no guarantee for obtaining equal rights.  Explain why it took from 1927 until 1944
for African Americans to get the All White Primary overturned by the Supreme Court.
 
D. Was the Scopes Trial a conflict of personalities? A regional conflict? 
A religious conflict, A cultural conflict? How did these forces interact
with each other?  Which do you see as dominant?