Mid-Term Examination - Famous Trials - Steven Lawson
1. Identification (50% 40 minutes)
Clear and Present Danger Test
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
Sacco and Vanzetti
A. Mitchell Palmer
International Labor Defense
Norris v. Alabama
Powell v. Alabama
William Jennings Bryan
John T. Scopes
The Butler Act
George W. Hunter
Charles H. Houston
Grovey v. Townsend
NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Lawrence A. Nixon
United States v. Classic
2. Essay (50%, 40 minutes)) From the four questions below you will be asked to write on
A. In both the Sacco and Vanzetti and Scottsboro cases, the contexts in which the cases
occurred can be said to have had more to do with the outcome than the specific legal
issues involved. Compare the way the context shaped these court cases.
B. The Bill of Rights has not afforded the same protection in times of war and hysteria
as in peace. Using the World War I "Abrams case" discuss how politicians, the public,
and the courts weighed majoritarian concerns and individual freedoms on the scale of
C. The history leading up to Smith v. Allwright demonstrates that a legal victory is
no guarantee for obtaining equal rights. Explain why it took from 1927 until 1944
for African Americans to get the All White Primary overturned by the Supreme Court.
D. Was the Scopes Trial a conflict of personalities? A regional conflict?
A religious conflict, A cultural conflict? How did these forces interact
with each other? Which do you see as dominant?